Join Australia's most dynamic and respected property investment community

Tax Tip 109: CGT and Being absent from the main residence for more than 6 years

Discussion in 'Accounting & Tax' started by Terry_w, 11th Apr, 2016.

  1. Terry_w

    Terry_w Solicitor, Finance Broker, CTA Business Member

    Joined:
    18th Jun, 2015
    Posts:
    9,045
    Location:
    Sydney
    CGT and Being absent from the main residence for more than 6 years


    I have outlined the 6-year rule here
    Tax Tip 23: The 6 year Absent from Main Residence Rule

    Quick summary – it is possible to be absent from your main residence for up to 6 years and not lose the CGT exemption when you sell. But what happens what you are absent for more than 6 years?

    The short answer is that you get some CGT relief as the period subject to CGT is apportioned.

    Example
    Bic Dong purchased a home in 2000 and moved in straight away. It is a small residential block and is his main residence and only property.

    On 01 Jan 2004, Bic moves out. He ends up renting a property while renting out his main residence. Mr. Dong then sells the property in 2015.

    What happens with the main residence exemption? Because Dong was absent for more than 6 years – he was away for 11 years in total.

    Bic must first work out the value of the property when it was first used to produce income which occurred on 01 Jan 2004. He can do this by employing a valuer who will estimate what it was worth back at that point in time.

    Then he must work out how long the property was rented for (in days to be exact). 2004 to 2015 is 11 years (approx.). 6 of those 11 years are able to be counted as the main residence. Therefore 6/11th of the gain will be exempt and 5/11ths will be subject to tax.

    Let's add in some values:

    2000 $200,000 purchase price

    2004 $300,000 value at the date he moved out

    2015 $800,000

    The capital gain to work the tax out on is $800,000 - $300,000 = $500,000

    Some expense can be used to reduce this – agents fees on sale, conveyance on the sale etc, but not stamp duty on the purchase or other purchase costs because Bic is deemed to have acquired the property in 2004 at its value then (s118-192 ITAA97). Also, capital works deductions would need to be added back.

    Assuming all these amounts to $30,000 the gain would be $480,000

    Then the 50% CGT discount will be applied. $480,000 x 50% = $240,000

    Only 5/11ths of this would be taxable = $109,090

    $109,090 is the taxable gain that would be added to Bic’s other taxable income for the year. The maximum tax he would pay on this would be $53,454 but he may pay much less if his other income was very low.

    Had Bic moved back in before 01 Jan 2010 and then later moved out again, he would not have paid any CGT tax. He didn’t do this because he didn’t want the hassle of having to move.

    Had Bic decided not to keep claiming the property as his main residence after moving out (e.g. because he claimed another property) then the cost base for CGT purposes would have been the value at the time of moving out which was $300,000

    The CG would have been $800,000 - $300,000 = $500,000

    Reduce this by the selling costs of $30,000

    $480,000 gain

    $240,000 after applying the 50% CGT discount because held longer than 12 months.

    Tax would be less than $240,000 x 49% (top rate plus Medicare) = $117,600


    See

    ATO ID 2003/1113
    Income Tax
    Capital gains tax: main residence exemption - interaction between the 'absence' rule and the 'first used to produce income' rule
    ATO ID 2003/1113 - Capital gains tax: main residence exemption - interaction between the 'absence' rule and the 'first used to produce income' rule


    Section 118-192 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997
    INCOME TAX ASSESSMENT ACT 1997 - SECT 118.192 Special rule for first use to produce income


    Section 118-145 of the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997
    INCOME TAX ASSESSMENT ACT 1997 - SECT 118.145 Absences
     
    Sticks, Ramos023 and mrdobalina like this.